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Pakistans key role in Afghanist echoes in US Congress

作者:admin 来源:未知 更新日期:2021-05-27 浏览次数:

   PakistanwilldecideAfghanistan’sfutureastheUnitedStatesonlyhasaminorroleneek,wherelawmakersfrombothRepublicanandDemocraticpartiesexpressedconcernaboutAfghanistan’sfutureafterthewithdrawalofAmericanandNatoforcesaistanbySeptember11,:InanwithGermanpublicationDerSpiegelearlierthisweek,PresidentGhanihadsaidthatbringingpeacetoAfghanistannowwas“firstandforemostamatterofgettingPakistanonboard”andthewithdrawalwouldgreatlyreduceAmerica’sinfluenceinthecountry.“,”:ThealarmingmessagewasrepeatedintheHouseForeignAffairsCommitteeonTuesdaywhenCongresswomanSaraJacobs,aCaliforniaDemocrat,readGhani’squoteduringahearingon“theUS-Afghanistanrelationshipafterthewithdrawal.”ShedescribedtheAfghanpresident’sclaimas“quiteastatement”andaskedAmericaschiefnegotiatoronAfghanaffairs,AmbassadorZalmayKhalilzad,aboutthewayforward."WhatspecificallyareyoudoingtopushPakistan’sleadersandtoensurethattheydostepupthewaywewantthemto"’scivilianandmilitaryleadershipsbothrecognisedtherewaseconomicbenefitinhavingpeaceinAfghanistan.“COASGenQamarJavedBajwaandPrimeMinisterImranKhanboth(also),regionsdevelop,”hesaid.“AndIknowtherearechallengesinsidePakistan,butIbelievethatGenBajwa’—workingwiththeUnitedKingdom—insupportoftheefforttoimproverelationsbetweenthesetwocountries.”AmbassadorKhalilzadcalledthePak-AfghanrelationshiptheAchillesheelofAfghanistan’srecenthistorythat“needstobeovercomeandwearehopeful,giventherecentdevelopments”.TheUSenvoyalsounderlinedtheneedtoviewGhani’sstatementintheregionalcontext,adding:“PresidentGhaniisrightinthesensethattheregionisimportantforapeaceagreementtobringlastingstabilitytoAfghanistan.“Itneedsbroadsupportinside[…]Afghanistanandintheregion,becausepartofAfghanistan’sproblemhasbeena[…]proxyconflict.”TheUS,hesaid,wastryingtobuildaregionalconsensusandsupportforpeaceandthat’swhyhe“hasrepeatedlyemphasised”theimportanceofthiseconomicdimensionofpeace.“ThepotentialconnectivityandtradebetweenCentralAsia,AfghanistanandSouthAsiaisavitalpartofthefutureofthatregionandforAfghanistan,”KhalilzadsaidwhileurgingAfghansalsotoavailthisopportunityforpeace.“ences,”,anotherCaliforniaDemocratandaformerUSAirForcecolonel,askedifPakistanwassoimportantforthesuccessoftheAfghanpeaceprocess,whywasitnotbeingtreatedaccordingly.“Iamjustcuriousaboutwhathappenedearlierthisyearwhen40worldleaderswereinvitedtotheclimatesummit,,kistan’s,”:“ItseemstobedisrespectfultonothaveinvitedthePakistanileadertothisclimatesummitwhentheleadersofIndiaandBangladeshwereinvited.“AndnowweareaskingPakistantohelpus,alot,,Iamwonderingwhatwasthethinking(behind)thatsortofexclusionofthePakistanileader”Khalilzadsaid:“Ofcourse,anumberofotherissues.“Astotheclimatesummit,IamnotinapositiontorespondastowhatdecisionsweremadebutPakistan’sparticipation,Ibelieve,,,”headded.“Yes,Iwouldlikearesponsefortherecord,”,aCaliforniaRepublican,notedthat“duringthetenyearsortwentyyears,wehavewatchedourabilitytohaveapositiveinfluenceonPakistanandPakistanhavingapositiveinfluenceonAfghanistangofrombadtoworse”.Respondingtoaquestionfromthecommittee’schairCongressmanGregMeeks,KhalilzadsaidtheUShasrecentlyhadproductivemeetingswithRussia,ChinaandPakistan,callingonthetwoAfghansidestoreduceviolenceandengageseriouslyinnegotiationsandontheTalibannottopursueaspringoffensive.“WewouldlikeRussiaandC,”,aTexasRepublican,askedhowtheUSwoulddefenditsinterestsinAfghanistanafterthewithdrawal,Khalilzadsaid:“artners.”AndwhenCongressmanJosephChabot,anOhioRepublican,suggestedthattheTalibanwerebehindthatkilledscoresofstudents,AmbassadorKhalilzadsaid:“Idon’’slikelyISISwhichisseekingtodisruptanypotentialpeaceprocessandtheTalibshavebeenfightingISISforcefully,whichispositive.”HepointedoutthattheTalibanwereaformidableforceagainstISISandthesituationinAfghanistanwasdifferentfromIraqwheretheShia-SunniconflictcreatedspaceforISIS,whiletheTalibanandISISwerefromthesamesect.“TheTalibshavedoneareasonablygoodjobintakingISISon,”,aCaliforniaDemocrat,saidthatsincePakistan“hasbeensupportingtheTalibanallalong,”howtheBidenadministrationcouldexpectthemtosupportthepeaceprocessnow.“There’snomilitarysolutiontoAfg,giventhefactthatyoudescribed,”AmbassadorKhalilzadsaid.“AndifAfghanistangoestowardsaprotractedwaroralongwar,,thatpeacesettlementisthebest.”HenotedthatPakistanhadsigneditsnametoadocumentthatforbidsaTalibanemirateandamilitarytakeover.“ncouraging,”,aNevadaDemocrat,askediftheUScoulduseitsbasesinQatarandDiegoGarciatoconductairstrikesintoAfghanistan,ifneeded.“Wearegoingtomaintainbothmonitoringandstrikecapabilityintheregionandexpandcooperationwithsomeoftheneighbouringstatesforcounter-terrorismpurposes,”Khalilzadsaid.“WewillalsomaintainfinancialsupportandcooperationwithAfghansecurityforces,butdirectmilitarysupport,suchasstrikes,arenotbeingcontemplatedatthistime.”。

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